These major cities are running out of water

India's 'Silicon Valley' faces a major water crisis as wells run dry due to climate change and urbanization

Stars Insider

28/03/24 | StarsInsider


The Indian city of Bengaluru, also known as Bangalore, is running dry. The tech metropolis is home to almost 14 million residents and countless major multinational companies, such as Infosys and Wipro. The city requires around 2 billion liters (528 million gallons) of water per day, but in recent weeks the supply has dropped to 50% of that. Thousands of people depend on groundwater from borewells to provide their homes with running water, but a poor monsoon season means that the borewells are almost dry. Residents have been advised to shower only on alternate days, limit washing of clothes, and use disposable utensils to avoid washing up. Water tankers visit the neighborhoods of Bengaluru once every two weeks, forcing hundreds of people to line up with buckets to take home whatever small amount they can carry. The tankers are provided by private companies who charge for the service and increase the prices when demand is high. One family of four told CNN that they used to spend US$70 – 95 on water bills each month, but many residents in the city are now forced to spend half their income on it just to survive. Experts say the water crisis is an inevitable consequence of the city's rapid growth given that the expansion wasn't well planned, and climate change is a major factor contributing to water levels dropping in rivers and wells.  

Water scarcity is a problem many of us associate with countries typically hit by drought. But as populations grow, temperatures rise, and water demand increases, water supplies start to get depleted, even in places where this was not necessarily a problem historically.

The United Nations World Water Development Report 2023 says that one in four people lacks access to clean water. As time goes by, more and more major cities begin to face serious water shortages. For instance, Mexico City has recently been in the news as one of the big cities that may run out of water soon. But what other cities are at risk? Click on to find out.

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