Curious countries that changed their capital cities

Indonesia names new capital that will replace Jakarta

Stars Insider

19/01/22 | StarsInsider

TRAVEL Geography

Rome, London, Tokyo: some capital cities are so iconic that they capture the entire spirit of a country. However, sometimes a country changes its capital city completely, moving the nation's history in an exciting new direction.

Indonesia has been facing quite an unusual problem with their capital city of Jakarta, which has been rapidly sinking due to the over-extraction of groundwater. Their parliament has approved a bill to relocate the capital, and the country has just announced that the new capital will be called Nusantara, meaning "archipelago" in Javanese. Indonesia is building the new capital in East Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo, 1,300 km (800 miles) away from Jakarta—an idea which was first proposed in 2019, and which will cost an estimated 466 trillion rupiah (US$32.4 billion), BBC reports.

But there has been much criticism in the construction of a new city, as many argue that it will lead to bigger palm-oil plantations and more logging in an area rich in diverse wildlife and lush rainforests which would also endanger the indigenous peoples of Borneo.

For a brief lesson on the matter (and even travel inspiration), click on to find out which countries changed their capital.

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