The fascinating origins of the Red Cross
How a battle and a book led to the establishment of the International Committee of the Red Cross
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The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was founded in Switzerland in 1863. The work of this global humanitarian network of 191 national societies known as the Red Cross and Red Crescent is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and serves to provide protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and other situations. The ICRC—a three-time recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize—also takes action in response to emergencies such as those resulting from natural disasters, and actively promotes the rule of national and international humanitarian law. Its long history began with an obscure 19th-century military engagement and the publication of a book. Intrigued?
Click through and read more about the origins of the ICRC.
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